15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (2023)

Besides beautiful gothic & medieval architectural structures, football, and beer, German sausage also features among the country’s top attractions.Here are the very best, from over 1,500 different types of German sausage.

Unique culinary delicacies are one of the top attractions in many countries. And, Germany has not been left behind, being home to some of the most delicious sausages. Sausage is one of the most palatable German bites that will leave your taste buds asking for more.

These sausages are undoubtedly a source of national pride. And, most locally-made sausage recipes are closely guarded secrets in Germany.Only a few select have access to these exciting recipes.

Germany boasts hundreds of different sausage types. In fact, it is estimated that there are over 1,500 different types of sausage options. They are eaten with various accompaniments, and each has unique ingredients and flavors created with inimitable recipes.

Here is our list of the best German sausage that you can try as you tour this beautiful country.

Table of Contents

Different Types of German Sausage with Pictures

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (1)

1. Bratwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (2)

Made of finely chopped meat, Bratwurst is one of the yummiest German sausages. It’s usually grilled and then served with a hard roll and German mustard. It’s commonly made from pork meat and not as much from veal and beef. Bratwurst is mainly associated with the verb “braten”, which means roast or pan fry.

Germany has over 40 different varieties of Bratwurst recipes. The recipes differ with the region and locality, most originating from Franconia. Some of the most common Fraconian sausages include Fränkische Bratwurst, Coburger Bratwurst, Nürnberger Rostbratwurst and more.

2.Ahle Wurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (3)

Another delicious german sausage is the Ahle Wurst, a dialectical name meaning an ‘old sausage.’ Made in the Nothern Hesse, German, Ahle Wurst is a hard-pork sausage.

This German sausage is made of bacon and pork meat. Some chefs only season it with pepper and salt, while others add some cloves, nutmeg, sugar, garlic, pepper, cumin, and brandy or rum. The Ahle Wurst can be air-dried or simply smoked.

Traditionally, you were required to process only heavy pigs and cut quality pieces of meat to produce Ahle wurst. Its distinctive feature is slow maturation at reasonably high humidity.

3.Bierwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (4)

Bierwurst is another type of German smoked sausage. Originally from Bavaria, Bierwurst has a garlicky flavor, and its color is dark red. For that tasty flavor, Bierwurst sausage is seasoned with paprika, black peppercorns, and mustard seeds.

When making Bierwurst, the meat is first cured and then mixed with other ingredients and rolled into a sausage. After that, it’s cured further, then smoked and blanched.This Bierwurst sausage is then sold as sandwich meat.

(Video) 12 Typical German Sausages Compared - Traditional German Sausages

An unsmoked, fresh Bierwurst can only last for two days in a refrigerator, while a pre-cooked one lasts for 5 to 7 days. This delicacy is eaten as a snack and you can take it with a cup of your favorite drink.

4.Weißwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (5)

Weisswurst is, in the literal sense, a white sausage. This Bavarian sausage is made from minced pork back, bacon, and veal. This type of German breakfast sausage is tasty as it’s flavored with lemon zest, parsley, onions, mace, ginger, and cardamom with a few variations.

The mixture is then stuffed into a pork casing. The sausage is then split into individual pieces measuring 10 to 12 centimeters length-wise and 3 to 4 centimeters in thickness. No preservation method is done, and so these sausages are highly perishable. Traditionally, these sausages were served during breakfast in the early morning or as a snack between breakfast and lunch.

They are boiled for about 10 minutes, which turns them greyish-white. They are served in a bowl along with the boiling water used during preparation to avoid cooling down too much. This traditional German food is typically served with a side of potato salad and/or soft pretzels.

5.Wollwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (6)

Made from pork and veal, Wollwurst is another sweet sausage. Also known as “Nackerte,” “Geschwollene,” Geschlagene,” or “Oberländer,” these sausages usually are thinner and longer than Weißwürste. The Wollwurst recipe is similar to that of Weißwurst but with less pork rind and is parsley-free.

Another distinctive feature of Wollwurst sausage is that it doesn’t have a casing. Instead, it’s dipped into hot water and boiled for 10 minutes, and then chilled. This gives it the typical ‘wooly’ surface. Thus, this sausage is jokingly referred to as being ‘naked’ as it’s not stuffed in animal intestines.

You can eat it as it is, or fry it first. You do that by first dipping it in milk and then sautéing it until it’s golden or brown-yellow. During the process, the sausage swells up and locals thus call it G’Schwollne.

To enjoy this sausage, you can serve it with gravy or Bavarian warm potato salad prepared with vinegar and oil. In Baden-Württemberg, this sausage (commonly called “Oberländer”) helps make Currywurst a variant of Stockwurst.

6.Leberkäse

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (7)

Leberkäse means liver cheese- but interestingly, this sausage neither contains liver nor cheese. This Bavarian type of sausage is similar to a pink meatloaf made with finely minced pork, corned beef, and onions.

Made by finely crushing the ingredients and then baking on a bread pan like a loaf until it forms a crunchy golden crust, Leberkäse is one of the yummiest German sausages. It is traditionally spiced with marjoram and sometimes pickles to taste.

Served as freshly baked slices, Leberkäse is conventionally enjoyed in a variety of ways.It can be served hot on a bread roll or medium-hot with sweet mustard accompanied by potato salad.

Also, it may be pan-fried until brown and then served with a fried egg, home fries, or a German potato salad. Some people enjoy it when cut into thin slices and served cold with different sandwiches, and generally seasoned with pickled cucumbers.

7.Pinkel

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (8)

Pinkel is a different type of smoked sausage mainly found in Northwest Germany, especially the Oldenburg, Osnabrück, and Bremen region and in East Friesland and Frisia.

Pinkel sausage is made of bacon, beef, pig lard, groats of barley or oats, salt, onions, and pepper, among other spices. The exact recipe composition is secretly guarded, just like that of most other types of sausage.

(Video) The Best Wurst in Germany - German Sausages Explained

Traditionally, Pinkel consists of high meat content and other ingredients filled into edible pigs’ small intestines. Today, however, some Pinkels have been made with artificial casings.

It is served with kale stew and pork belly, a dish called Grünkohl mit Pinkel.Grünkohlfahrt (“kale trips”) or Kohl-und-Pinkel-Touren (which is “kale and pinkel trips”) was a dish that was eaten to celebrate winter traditionally followed by Grünkohl mit Pinkel dish and schnapps.

8.Regensburger Wurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (9)

Invented in Regensburg in the late 19th century, this is a boiled sausage with coarse and fine pork fillings. The sausage comes in a compact shape and measures around 10 cm in length and 4cm in diameter.

The recipe for this sausage consists of finely ground pork without fat and some pork cubes. Then, it’s spiced with salt and other spices. The sausage is stuffed into a beef intestines sausage casing. These sausages are smoked and then boiled.

It can be served either cold or hot with mustard, oil, vinegar, and chopped onions, a dish called Regensburger Wurstsalat.Alternatively, the sausage may be served and eaten as a snack in a popular dish called Regensburger Semmel.

The dish consists of Regensburger Wurst sausage, where it’s broiled and then halved in a bread roll with pickled gherkin, sweet mustard, and horseradish.

9.Teewurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (10)

By © Alice Wiegand, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Invented in Pomerania in the mid-19th century, Teewurst is derived from the name ‘tea sausage’ as it was served in sandwiches at teatime. Made from one part bacon and two parts raw pork, this is another delectable German cuisine and is a well-known spreadable sausage.

The ingredients of Teewurst are finely minced, seasoned, and then packed in artificial porous casings.

The sausages are then smoked and left for 7 to 10 days to mature and develop their classic taste.Teewurst comprises 30% to 40% fat, making it particularly easy to spread.

10.Debrecener

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (11)

A Debrecener which is Debre(c)ziner, in German, is a type of pork sausage made of uniform texture and is reddish-orange. Named after Debrecen, a Hungarian city, this sausage remains most people’s favorite.

Despite having its origins in Hungary, this sausage has become a famous cuisine in virtually every region of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, including Austria, Slovenia, Northern Italy, Croatia, Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Western Ukraine, and western and central Romania.

The sausage is heavily spiced with garlic, paprika, pepper, and marjoram. The sausage is lightly smoked, and sometimes it remains unsmoked. It’s usually sold in pairs where the two pieces are joined at one end.

Just like traditionally, Debreceni is transversely sliced at specific intervals, baked, broiled, and then fried. This makes it a coil, creating a linked series of sausage coins.

11.Extrawurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (12)
(Video) Traditional German Sausages - German Wurst - PART 1 - History, Classification, Facts

Extrawurst is another type of wurst, which is a famous Austrian type of scalded cold cut. The sausage is made from a mixture of pork, beef, and bacon fat which are well-seasoned. It has a fine texture, light color, and is usually moist.

This sausage is similar to the American bologna sausage. It’s served cold or as a cold cut often in a Wurstsalat.

One type of Extrawurst called Gurkerlextra contains small lumps of pickled cucumber. Pikantwurst, another variety, on the other hand, includes finely chopped green and red peppers.

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12.Kochwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (13)

This is a type of pre-cooked German sausage.Its ingredients are cooked before preparing the sausage meat. Then gelatin-solidified fat, or blood proteins normally coagulated by heating, are used to hold the individual components together. Unlike Bruhwurst, Kochwurst doesn’t remain solid but more or less becomes liquefied on heating.

The sausage is filled into tins, jars, or intestines and then boiled in steam or hot water. Kochwurst often contains offal-like tongue or liver, blood, and cereal (in Grützwurst).

Its ingredients are perishable and thus shouldn’t be kept for long. Traditionally, this sausage was popularly made on slaughtering days, and one of its usual ingredients is Schlachtplatte.

Pasteten is a famous square-shaped pie also counted as Kochwurst. In some German parts, Kochwurst is also used to refer to smoked Kohlwurst and mettwurst typically cooked in pots and served as Grünkohl accompaniment or as a soup ingredient.

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13.Knipp

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (14)

Knipp, common in the Hanover area, is a type of sausage made by mixing grains and meat. The sausage is made from groats of oats, liver, pork belly, pork head, pork rind, and broth. Seasoning is done using salt, pepper, and allspice.

Usually, it’s rolled 30 cm long and 10 cm to 15 cm thick. This smoked sausage is served with apple sauce (Apfelmus) and beetroot, sour and sweet pumpkin, boiled or roast potatoes and gherkins, or even hot or cold wholemeal bread.

For many years, Knipp was considered a ‘poor man’s delicacy, because it’s made from butcher’s scraps and offal.

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14.Gelbwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (15)

This is a yellowish-white Bavarian sausage invented in 1905 and can be found throughout Southern Germany. The sausage skin edges are ordinarily yellow or orange. It’s made from veal, pork and seasoned with mixed spices such as nutmeg and ginger.

Traditionally, the sausage contained brains, which is not the case today. Despite this, this sausage is still called Hirnwurst, or rather ‘brain sausage’ in some parts of German. Often it’s served cold on a slice of bread. It’s usually consumed straight away, as it can quickly become rancid.

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15.Jagdwurst

15 Different Types of German Sausage: Names, History & Origin (16)

This is a German sausage made from finely ground pork sausage meat, coarse pieces of pork belly, and lean pork. Beef is included in some Jagdwurst recipes.

The meat is added salt and spices such as mace, green peppercorns, coriander, and ginger.In some North German recipes, mustard seeds are added, and in South German, pieces of pistachio are part of its ingredients.

This sausage can be served hot in soup and other dishes or cold in sandwiches. In the Eastern parts of Germany, Jagdwurst is often layered with bread crumbs, a delicacy called Jägerschnitzel (Hunter’s schnitzel).

Most popular in the German Democratic Republic, the sausage is considered hard times low-budget dish tasting this sausage is one of the best things to do in Potsdam. It’s made of sausage instead of lean meat due to easy availability and lower prices.

It’s good not to confuse this sausage with a dish that has a similar name and is available across all German-speaking countries. The dish consists of an escalope of beef and lean pork served with a mushroom sauce Schnitzel nach Jäger Art (also called huntsman-style schnitzel).

FAQ

What’s the best German sausage?

It’s difficult to pick a favorite German sausage as they all have their own unique taste. Some are even sweet and some are smoked. Personally, I like the Thüringer and Weisswurst!

What are the most popular German sausages?

Bratwursts are likely the most popular German sausage. It contains meats like pork and beef, and it’s seasoned with marjoram, caraway, various herbs, and spices.

How many types of wurst are there in Germany?

When someone talks about “German wurst,” they are talking about boiled sausages with either fruit, vegetables, or blood as a filling. There are around 2,000 different types of these in Germany alone, and even more variations across other countries that have German ancestry.

What are German white sausages made of?

Bavarian white sausage or weisswurst is a pale-colored link that is largely composed of veal with some pork skin. They have a milder flavor and fewer spices than other sausages.

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FAQs

How many types of German sausages are there? ›

Germany boasts some 1,200 types of sausages—and we get why. They're tasty, they have the right ratio of fat to meat built in and they're easy to prepare. Here, we shine the spotlight on six types of sausages native to Germany for all your Oktoberfest needs.

What are large German sausages called? ›

Bratwurst
A variety of Bratwürste on a stand at the Hauptmarkt in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
TypeSausage
Region or stateEurope
Main ingredientsMeat (pork, beef or veal)
Media: Bratwurst
2 more rows

What are some names of sausages? ›

Different Types of Sausage Around the World
  • Andouille.
  • Bratwurst.
  • Chorizo (Spain)
  • Italian Sausage.
  • Chorizo (Mexico)
  • Longaniza.
  • Sai Ua.
  • Longganisa.
Jan 26, 2019

What are the names of German sausages? ›

The Wurst of Germany
  • Bratwurst. Bratwurst is likely the most popular German wurst and is made from pork, beef, marjoram, caraway, garlic, and many other spices. ...
  • Nurnberfer Rostbratwurst. ...
  • Blood Sausage. ...
  • Bockwurst. ...
  • Leberkase. ...
  • Teewurst. ...
  • Weisswurst.

How many types of sausage are there? ›

In the U.S. alone, we have 200 varieties of sausage. Everyone has their favorite, but why not try them all? Here are some of the ones you might be curious about, with different recipes to help you explore.

What is German blood sausage called? ›

Blutwurst (Blood Sausage) is a specialty cooked sausage (Brühwurst) eaten around the world. Traditionally, it is made from the blood of freshly butchered pig, sheep, lamb, cow, or goose.

What sausage do Germans eat for breakfast? ›

GRAFENWOEHR, Germany — One of the most anticipated meals in southern Germany is the “Weisswurstfruehstueck,” or white sausage breakfast. Eating Weisswurst, or white sausage, is one of the many traditions a person can partake in when coming to Bavaria.

What are the white German sausages called? ›

As you may know, the Germans make some of the finest sausages in the world, and weisswurst is one of their best. Here's how to make it at home. Weisswurst means “white sausage,” and as you can see, it is. Traditionally, you make it with pork and/or veal.

What was the first sausage called? ›

Sausage was originally called “salchichon” in Latin. This word means “little salt pig” because salchichon was made from pork intestines stuffed with saltpeter.

What is the oldest sausage in the world? ›

Turkey introduced the Sujuk circa 1000BC. Around 580BC was the first recorded history of sausage being made in China. The proliferation of sausage making came about thanks to the introduction of new spices that allowed sausage to be dried and preserved.

What are the most popular sausages? ›

Top 50 Scanned: Pork Sausage beta
Popularity
#1Beddar with Cheddar Smoked Sausage & Cheddar Cheese Johnsonville200 Calories
#2Pork Sausage Patties, Fully Cooked Jimmy Dean280 Calories
#3Original Pork Sausage Links, Fully Cooked Jimmy Dean270 Calories
#4Premium Pork Sausage, Regular Jimmy Dean215 Calories
46 more rows

What is a small German sausage called? ›

Nürnberger Rostbratwurst

These smaller, pinkie-sized sausages originate from the historic German town of Nürnberg. They make a great breakfast sausage and are typically served six at a time, grilled, with potatoes, sauerkraut, and horseradish cream.

What is the spiciest German sausage? ›

The spiciest German sausage might be Thüringer rostbratwurst, which is seasoned with garlic and bitter, anise-flavored caraway seeds. Leberwurst, or liver sausage, is made with pig liver, and has the consistency of a pate. It's also considered spicy.

Where does the most famous German sausage come from? ›

The Bratwurst is perhaps the most famous sausage from Germany, and it's widely available worldwide. It's most commonly made from pork, but can also be made of veal and beef. It's usually fried or roasted. The first mention of the Bratwurst in history dating back to 1313 in a document from Nuremberg.

What is Texas German sausage? ›

Texas-Czech sausages all contain garlic in one form or another, but Texas-German sausages are simpler: beef (primarily) coarsely ground and seasoned with salt, black pepper, and maybe some cayenne, stuffed into natural hog casings and smoked. “It's like a farm sausage,” Bracewell said.

What kind of sausage is served at Oktoberfest? ›

Weisswurst (Bockwurst)

“Oktoberfest is very specifically Bavarian, and while other parts of Germany do celebrate it, they tend to stick to the weisswurst,” said Denes. These white-colored sausages are smooth and mild-flavored, made with a combination of veal and pork back bacon.

What country is famous for sausage? ›

Germany Germany's well-known for its beers—and its__ bratwurst. __ The fresh pork sausage was traditionally made with all of the leftover parts of the pig, but today there are as many varieties as there are sausage makers. They can be grilled, boiled, steamed, or even cooked over pine cones.

What is Christmas sausage called? ›

Medisterpølse/julemedister/christmas medister or Danish pork sausage is something I had very often for weeknight dinners. I was easy to make, and its was on the cheaper end of meats. During November and December the sausage get another seasoning, adding cloves making it more christmasy.

What do Cajuns call blood sausage? ›

Blood Boudin is a unique dish to Louisiana. It is also known as Boudin Rouge. Blood Boudin is a red sausage consisting of pork and pig's blood. The pig's blood actually give it its color and unique name.

What is Norwegian blood sausage called? ›

what it is made of, how to cook it, that sort of thing. An ongoing controversy rages over that ever-popular Norwegian delicacy, blod klub, meaning blood sausage.

What is Polish blood sausage called? ›

Polish kiszka (KEESH-kah), also known as kaszanka or krupniok, is sausage made with fresh pig's blood. A popular aspect of Polish cuisine, this type of sausage exists in most cuisines around the world.

What time do Germans eat dinner? ›

Dinner time in Germany

Ever practical, the Germans sit down to dinner between 6-7pm, but don't worry if you miss a meal – there's an abundance of after hour food options in Germany, including the ubiquitous and satisfying kebab stores.

What do Germans eat for Christmas? ›

The traditional Christmas meal features duck, goose, rabbit or a roast. This main dish is accompanied by German delicacies such as apple and sausage stuffing, red cabbage and potato dumplings. Dessert typically includes Christmas Stollen, considered one of the best Christmas pastries in the world!

What is a German hot dog called? ›

hot dog, also called frankfurter or wiener, sausage, of disputed but probable German origin, that has become internationally popular, especially in the United States.

What is German salami called? ›

Mettwurst is a type of Rohwurst, or uncooked sausage, which was first recorded as existing around 500 years ago. It's made from ground pork and finely chopped beef and, much like salami, is cured and cold smoked or air-dried.

What are German sausage rolls called? ›

Dutch sausage rolls or saucijzenbroodjes are popular savory snacks featuring flaky, buttery puff pastry wrapped around a tender and flavorful ground meat filling. Bake them up as a snack or include them as part of a simple lunch. They're also perfect for picnics and parties.

What are German Smokies? ›

Made from finely minced and spiced pork and beef, then smoked. Possibly the world's most famous sausage! Made from finely minced pork, then cold smoked.

What is the famous sausage? ›

Bratwurst – Germany

One of the most popular types of sausages, Bratwurst can be made of various meat, from pork, veal, or beef. It usually includes seasoning and spices, making it extra delicious and fragrant to eat. Whether grilled, steamed, broiled or cooked, this German sausage is a winner for many.

What is America's favorite sausage? ›

Choosing a favorite type, however, is far more divisive. Italian sausage (20 percent) and breakfast patties (20 percent) are the two most popular styles of sausage followed by breakfast links (15 percent) and bratwurst (12 percent).

Who brought sausage to America? ›

References to dachshund sausages and ultimately hot dogs can be traced to German immigrants in the 1800s. These immigrants brought not only sausages to America, but dachshund dogs.

Is German sausage the same as bratwurst? ›

Bratwurst is practically synonymous with sausage throughout Germany. However, the origins are even more specific. “Brat,” the first half of the word, literally refers to finely chopped meat in German. “Wurst” is the German word for sausage.

Which German sausage is used in hot dog? ›

The sausage used is a wiener (Vienna sausage) or a frankfurter (Frankfurter Würstchen, also just called frank). The names of these sausages commonly refer to their assembled dish. Some consider a hot dog to technically be a sandwich.

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